|Funding, Tax Incentives, Grants & Awards for Preservation Projects
Funding, Tax Incentives, Grants & Awards for Preservation Projects
WASHINGTON – More than $1.2 million in National Park Service grants will be used to help preserve and protect America’s significant battlefield lands. The funding from the National Park Service’s American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP) will support projects at more than 100 battlefields nationwide.
“These grants will help safeguard and preserve American battlefield lands,”said Jonathan B. Jarvis, Director of the National Park Service. “These lands are symbols of individual sacrifice and national heritage that we must protect so that this and future generations can walk these places and understand the struggles that define us as a nation.”
The grants fund projects at endangered battlefields from the Revolutionary War, War of 1812, Mexican-American War, Civil War, World War II, and Indian Wars. Grants were made to projects in 17 states and territories to support archeology, mapping, cultural resource survey work, documentation, planning, education, and interpretation.Projects include underwater archeology at the Battle of the Atlantic during WWII in North Carolina; documentation of the Second Seminole War Fort Defiance and Fort Micanopy in Florida; a statewide comprehensive GIS database of Civil War sites that will include 38 battlefields in Tennessee; a preservation plan for the U.S. Dakota War of 1862 Woodlake Battlefield in Minnesota; and development of a new battlefield preservation, and planning website in Virginia for the Shenandoah Valley Battlefields National Historic District.
Priority was given to the preservation of nationally significant battlefields. The majority of grants were given to battlefields listed as Priority I or II sites in the National Park Service’s Civil War Sites Advisory Commission Report on the Nation’s Civil War Battlefields and the Report to Congress on the Historic Preservation of Revolutionary War and War of 1812 Sites in the United States.
Federal, state, local, and Tribal governments, nonprofit organizations, and educational institutions are eligible for the battlefield grants which are awarded annually. Since 1996 more than $12 million has been awarded by ABPP to help preserve significant historic battlefields associated with wars on American soil. More information is available online at http://www.nps.gov/history/hps/abpp. Brief descriptions of funded grant projects follow.
Year 2010 Grants:
- Arkansas State Parks, Department of Parks and Tourism $82,000
The Civil War Battle of Prairie Grove (1862) was the last time two armies of equal strength fought for control over northwest Arkansas. With archeological investigation and GIS mapping, this project will delineate the locations and extent of major battlefield features within Prairie Grove Battlefield State Park.
- Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center (Connecticut)$19,000
The Battle of Saybrook Fort consisted of more than a dozen discrete battles, ambushes, and actions that are a part of the Pequot War (1636-1637). This project will identify areas for future archeological testing, revise maps of Study and Core Areas, develop a preservation advocacy partnership, and educate the public about this important event in American history.
- Gulf Archeology Research Institute (Florida) $49,500
The opening battles of the Second Seminole War occurred in and around the town of Micanopy. This project will identify and document the nature and extent of Fort Defiance and Fort Micanopy through field archeology, archival research, and data analysis.
- LAMAR Institute (Georgia) $40,000
In December of 1864, the Confederacy suffered a devastating loss at the Battle of Monteith Swamp. Union troops broke through the Confederate defenses and took Savannah. This project will conduct archeology fieldwork to identify and document the battlefield as well as foster public outreach.
- Ball State University (Indiana) $70,000
The Battle on the Wabash (1791) and the Battle of Fort Recovery (1794), which occurred in Ohio, represent the largest engagement of the American Army and Native American forces in the history of the United States. Little is known about these battles. The site identification and documentation plan will define the battlefield boundaries – a first step toward diminishing the threat of private development and looting at these battlefields.
- Madison County (Kentucky) $35,000
The Battle of Richmond is the second largest Civil War site in Kentucky and is one of three major battles that are part of the “Confederate heartland offensive” within Kentucky. A preservation plan will address the needs of local government and will suggest ways to partner with the Blue Grass Army Depot (BGAD), as well as other organizations, agencies, and the community, to develop ways to protect threatened battlefield land.
- Tebbs Bend Battlefield Association (Kentucky) $35,000
The Civil War Battle of Tebbs Bend was the first major engagement of Confederate General John Morgan’s Great Raid, a push into the northern Midwestern states intended to capture supplies and erode support for the Union war effort. Building on the work of a previous ABPP grant, an archeology survey will be developed for the Tebbs Bend Battlefield.
- Northwestern State University of Louisiana $41,000
During the Red River Campaign of 1864, a fierce engagement occurred between Admiral David Dixon Porter’s fleet, the Confederate land batteries, and several hundred sharpshooters on Deloach’s Bluff Battlefield. This project will identify the location of subsurface resources and the extent of the historic battlefield through a cultural resource survey, GIS/GPS fieldwork, remote sensing, and minimal archeology testing.
- Wood Lake Battlefield Preservation Association (Minnesota) $47,000
Wood Lake was the final major battle of the U.S. Dakota War of 1862.Preoccupied with the Civil War, the U.S. Government violated treaties withMinnesota’s Dakota Indians, leading to hardships for these tribes. Buildingon the work of a previous ABPP grant, a comprehensive preservation planwill be developed for the Wood Lake Battlefield.
- Frontier Heritage Alliance (Montana) $68,800
The final battles of the Sioux Indian Wars were against the Northern Pacific Railroad survey expedition on the Yellowstone River in 1873. This project will indentify and document the Stanley-Custer Battles with Sioux Warriors, produce a historical report and a National Register nomination, and educate land owners about the historic significance of their properties.
- Natural Heritage Trust (New York) $75,000
British General Burgoyne surrendered his sword to Colonial General Gates during the end of Battles of Saratoga on October 17, 1777. As a defining military engagement during the Revolutionary War, the sword surrender proved to the French Government that Colonial forces were capable of winning the war. This led the French to ally with the Americans. The project will produce a cultural landscape treatment plan and site development plan for the preservation and interpretation of the Sword Surrender site.
- Research Foundation of State University of New York at Binghamton $50,723
The Revolutionary War Battle of Newtown was among the Continental Army’smost significant battles during the Sullivan and Clinton Campaign against British allied Iroquois in the New York frontier. This project will conduct an archeological field survey to identify material remains associated with the Battle of Newtown to better define the integrity and the battlefield’s main defining features. Findings will be used to formulate a preservation plan for the battlefield.
- East Carolina University, Maritime Studies (North Carolina) $80,000
Following America’s entry into WWII, a protracted naval conflict was waged between German and Allied naval vessels along the U.S. eastern seaboard during the Battle of the Atlantic. This project will conduct an archeological inventory of the submerged cultural resources from naval conflicts to supplement current historical records.
- Rutherford County (North Carolina) $40,000
Between 1776 and 1783, Gilbert Town was a staging ground and campsite forvarious British and Patriot commands. It played an important role in several Revolutionary War campaigns in the Carolinas. This project will complete an archeological survey of key properties that will most likely be impacted by development at the Gilbert Town Battlefield site. In addition, a long-term archeological plan for the site will be produced.
- County of Chester (Pennsylvania) $40,000
The Battle of Paoli was George Washington’s third and final attempt to prevent the British from taking the colonial capital city during Howe’s Philadelphia Campaign of 1777. This project will identify and inventory threatened parcels at the Paoli Battlefield. The project findings will be used to update the county’s historic atlas and create a predictive model for preservation by using GIS technology.
- Coastal Carolina University, Center for Historical Studies (South Carolina)$60,000
Horry and Georgetown Counties contain Revolutionary War and Civil Warbattlefield sites that will be identified and documented through this project. The findings of this project will be used to increase the awareness of battlefield sites in these two counties for future preservation planning efforts.
- South Carolina Research Foundation $64,200
In 1865, the Union Army, led by General William T. Sherman, began a campaign to subdue South Carolina. Sherman’s army marched across the state fighting battles and skirmishes, disrupting rail traffic, and destroying property. This project will identify and document multiple battlefields, skirmish sites, and camps associated with this campaign to provide the South Carolina Civil War Sesquicentennial Advisory Board with baseline data for preservation.
- Friends of Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park (Tennessee) $32,100
In 1863, the Federal Army ended Confederate control of Chattanooga, a vital transportation hub, after several key battles during the Campaign for Chattanooga. Building on the work of a GIS database developed with funding from a previous ABPP grant, this project will work toward preservation advocacy and consensus building among local planners, landowners, developers, and other stakeholders within the Chattanooga Battlefield boundaries.
- Tennessee State Library and Archives $40,750
This statewide project will take a comprehensive GIS database of 38 Civil War sites and make it available online for federal, state, and local planning agencies and preservation organizations. The geospatial database with economic and demographic overlays will be accessible to the public on the web through the Tennessee GIS server. Greater access to historical information should lead to increased public interest.
- University of Texas at Brownsville and Texas Southmost College $26,000
The Siege of Fort Brown during the U.S.-Mexican War highlighted traditional siege tactics and earthwork construction techniques, and featured numerous men who would assume important military leadership roles in subsequent battles in American history. This project will produce a cultural landscape inventory that will include GIS mapping, a historical overview, military terrain analysis, and an analysis of present conditions on the site.
- St. Thomas Historical Trust (U.S. Virgin Islands) $44,500
In 1801, Fort Frederik participated in a battle with two British ships - the only well documented battle with an enemy force on St. Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands. This project will conduct an engineering study for the stabilization of ruins at Fort Frederik as it is threatened by frequent hurricanes and other natural forces. There will be documentation of Fort Frederik, the battle, and the ships, as well as an underwater survey of the adjacent seabed.
- City of Burlington, Community and Economic Development Office (Vermont) $45,000
During Burlington’s engagement, the British were repelled and Thomas McDonough’s Fleet moored below the Burlington Battery. This project will delineate Burlington’s War of 1812 resources and develop an archeological management plan for Burlington Battlefield. Field techniques of archeology and GIS mapping were used during the completion of a previous ABPP grant project. This plan will assist the community to preserve and protect the battle remains discovered by that work.
- Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation (Virginia) $61,500
This project will create a new battlefield preservation and planning website for the Shenandoah Valley Battlefields National Historic District and Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Foundation in preparation for the Civil War Sesquicentennial. The website will build awareness and support for the preservation of 15 battlefields in the Shenandoah Valley and will include a mapping application.
- Shenandoah Valley Network (Virginia) $21,500
The goal of this advocacy project is to secure improved local zoning and planning in two Shenandoah Valley counties. This effort will preserve the rural character, agricultural base, and natural and historic resources on which the future of six nationally-significant Civil War battlefields depend. The project will include public outreach, GIS mapping depicting the impacts of proposed local ordinances, and technical support for preservation programs.
- Stafford County (Virginia) $77,700
The Battle of Aquia Creek was one of the first naval engagements in the Civil War. Union vessels and Confederate batteries exchanged roughly 1,000 rounds over Aquia Landing, which was a pivotal gateway between the capital cities of Richmond, Virginia, and Washington, DC. This project will conduct an archeological survey that will include underwater archeology, and will produce a National Register nomination application.
Keywords: National Park Service’s American Battlefield Protection Program, endangered history, grants, funding,
Posted: July 9, 2010
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