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Architectural Styles Guide     


Architectural Styles Guide
 
 

 

   
The Architectural Styles Guide
is meant to be a visual introduction to architectural styles common in North America. For a more in-depth study of architectural styles and to determine the style of your home or historic building, we encourage you to contact your local historical society, historic preservation consultants and related professionals in your area, or your State Historic Preservation Officer.

Also extremely helpful in determing architectural styles are the following publications. These resources provide a wealth of information on architectural styles, and as such, are highly respected in the historic preservation community and are used on a daily basis in our office:



Please click on a style below to view a
collection of photos for each architectural style: 




American Foursquare

Art Deco & Art Moderne (1920-1940)

The name Art Deco derived from the Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, a World's Fair held in Paris, France in 1925.  The movement occurred at the same time as rapid social and technological advances of the early 20th century.

Art Deco is influenced by a variety of sources. Among them were the "primitive" arts of Africa, Egypt, or Aztec Mexico, as well as machine age technology such as the radio and skyscraper.


Beaux Arts (1885-1930)

Bungalow
Bungalows are 1 or 1½ story houses, with sloping roofs and eaves with unenclosed rafters, and typically feature a gable over the main portion of the house. The bungalow became popular because it met the needs of changing times in which the lower middle class were moving from apartments to private houses in great numbers.


Chateauesque (1880-1910)

Chicago School

Colonial Revival (1880-1955)
The Colonial Revival was a nationalistic architectural style in the United States. Colonial Revival sought to follow the Colonial style of the period around the Revolutionary War, usually being two stories in height with the ridge pole running parallel to the street, a symmetrical front facade with an accented doorway and evenly spaced windows on either side of it.


Craftsman (1905-1930)
The American Craftsman Style or the American Arts and Crafts Movement is an American domestic architectural and interior design style popular from the 1900's to the early 1930's. The style incorporated locally handcrafted wood-, glass-, and metal-work which is both simple and elegant. A reaction to Victorian opulence and the increasingly common mass produced housing elements, the style incorporated aspects of clean lines, sturdy structure, natural materials.


Gothic Revival (1840-1880)

Italian Renaissance (1890-1935)

Italianate (1840-1885)
The Italianate style is distinctive by its pronounced exaggeration of many Italian Renaissance characteristics: emphatic eaves supported by corbels, low-pitched roofs barely discernable from the ground, or even flat roofs with a wide projection. A tower is often incorporated hinting at the Italian belvedere or even campanile tower.


Mission (1890-1920)

Neoclassical (1895-1950)

Prairie (1900-1920)

Prairie School was a late 19th and early 20th century architectural style, most common to the Midwestern United States. The style is marked by horizontal lines, flat roofs with broad overhanging eaves, solid construction, craftsmanship, and discipline in the use of ornament, in contrast to previous 19th century design. Horizontal lines were thought to evoke and relate to the native prairie landscape.



Queen Anne (1880-1910)
Queen Anne Style buildings in America came into vogue in the 1880s, replacing the French-derived Second Empire as the "style of the moment;" the popularity of high Queen Anne Style waned as in the early 1900s, however some elements, such as wraparound front porch, continued to be found on buildings into the 1920s. Queen Anne's are known for their Polychrome paint schemes on exteriors, and are often referred to as painted ladies, a term that rose in popularity in the 1970s.


Richardsonian Romanesque (1880-1900)
This very free revival style incorporates 11th century southern French and Spanish Romanesque characteristics. It emphasizes clear strong picturesque massing, round-headed "Romanesque" arches, often springing from clusters of short squat columns, recessed entrances, richly varied rustication, boldly blank stretches of walling contrasting with bands of windows, and cylindrical towers with conical caps embedded in the walling.


Spanish Eclectic (1915-1940)

Tudor (1890-1940)
   



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